For anyone making a D-Day landings map... -1 reply

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I don't spend enough time here

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10th April 2004

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#1 14 years ago

Hi all =) :eek: WARNING: :eek: PLEASE, IF YOU DO READ ALL OF THIS, TAKE LITTLE BRAKES TO REST YOUR EYES, AS THIS DOCUMENT IS BLOODY HUGE! I put a lot of effort, and most people probably won't read it all, but to those who do, I hope it helps! :cool: I have put it in my mind to help anyone making a D-Day beach map for CoD to help them do a most accurate one as possible. I just want to help anyone with the mapping skills to do a map of the landings, as I lack these tools =p These are all taken from Stephen Ambrose's "D-Day, June 6th, 1944, The Climactic Battle of World War Two". I respect Mr. Ambrose's work immensely, and I am just posting this as a tribute to his work, not meant as infringing on his territory. =) Here goes a 'small' description of beach Defenses: " On every beach that was remotely suitable for an amphibious landing, Rommal built defenses. Offshore, the Germans' first line of defense consisted of mines anchored in the Channel, not enough to satisfy Rommel but enough to cause a major problem for the allied navies. Onshore, the defenses differed to suit local terrain conditions, but the beach obstacles on the tidal flat(main beach before the shingle/seawall) between the high and low water marks were similar on Omaha, Utah, and the British beaches." "The beach obstacles began with so called 'belgian gates', which were gatelike structures built of iron frames ten feet high. These sat in belts running parallel to the coastline, about 150 meters out from the high water line. Teller mines (antitank mines carrying twelve pounds of TNT) were attached to the structures, or old french artillery shells. Next, about 100 meters from the high water line, a band of heavy logs were driven into the water at an angle pointed seaward, with teller mines lashed to the tips of some logs. At about 70 meters from the shore, the main belt of obstacles featured 'hedgehogs', three or four steel rails cut in two-meter lengths and welded together at their centers, that could rip out the bottom of any landing craft" The first feature of the beach on Omaha was a bank of shingle (small, smooth rocks). At each of the beach exits at Omaha, for example, riflemen and machine gunners were in fire trenches on the lower part of the bluff, halfway up the bluff, and at the top. Scattered along slopes and draws, and on the plateau above, were hundreds of "Tobruks", circular concrete-lined holes big enough for a mortar team, a machine gun, or even the turret of a tank. The Tobruks were connected by underground tunnels. Beside and around them, the Germans had fixed fortifications of fixed concrete, looking straight onto the beaches. In them, as in the Tobruks, there were panoramic sketches of the ground features in front of them, giving range and deflection for specific targets."

"Back down on Omaha Beach proper, the Germans had twelve strong points built to provide enfilade fire (fire into the flanks of advancing troops) along the length of the beach. The casemates held 88mms, 105mms, and were set in with embrasures looking onto the beach, not out to sea. They had an extra wing on the seaward side to hide the muzzle flash from ships at sea waiting for something to fire at. Up on the bluff there were eight concrete casemates and four open field positions, sited for plunging and grazing fire onto the beaches. The reinforced concrete casemates were surrounded by mines and barbed wire to stop infantry attacks. So the GI hitting the beach in the first wave at Omaha would have to get through minefields in the Channel with his LST blowing up, then get from ship to shore in a higgins boat taking fire from inland batteries, then work his way through an obstacle studded flat of some 150 meters crisscrossed by machine-gun and rifle fire, and with big shells whistling by and mortars exploding all around, to find his first protection behind the shingle. There he would be caught in a triple crossfire - machine guns and heavy artillery from the sides, small arms in front, and mortars from above. To keep the GI huddled there, Rommel laid more mines. Between the shingle and the bluffs there was a shelf of beach flat (in some places marshy). Rommel loaded in barbed wire but relied mainly on mines. Behind the mines and astride the draws, there were antitank ditches, two metres or so deep, and cement antitank or antitruck barriers across the exit roads." And one more bit from the book: The chapter "visitors to hell", the 116th regiment at Omaha. " If the Germans were going to stop the invasion anywhere, it would be at Omaha Beach. It was an obvious landing site, the only sand beach between the mouth of the Douve to the west and Arromanches to the east, a distance of almost forty kilometers. The sand on Omaha is almost golden in color, firm and fine. The beach is slightly crescent shaped, about 10 kilometers long in all. At low tide, there is a stretch of firm sand 300 - 400 meters in distance. At high tide, the distance from the waterline to the one- to three-meter bank of shingle is but a few meters. Inland of the shingle, there was a paved, promenade beach road, then a V-shaped antitank ditch, as much as 2 meters deep, then a flat swampy area, then a steep bluff that ascended thirty meters or more. The slope was grass covered and contained many folds and irregularities that were a critical feature. There were dozens of Tobruks and concrete machine-gun pillboxes all along the bluffs, supported with an extensive trench system. The trench system included underground bunkers, quarters and magazines. The bunkers were set, in some cases, to shoot directly forward onto the beach, and in other cases, were ranged to shoot sideways onto the beach, into the invader's flanks. The bunkers and pillboxes had diagrams of fields of fire, and these were framed under glass and mounted on walls beside the firing platform. The trenches were deep, convoluted and narrow, so any attacking force could be fired on from multiple sides. Command posts and mortar positions were sealed in concrete, and sunken, at the most, 25 feet under the ground with the inside walls lined with bricks." Well, that's the end of my 'little' write-up about D-Day defenses, and to you map-makers out there, please do a really good job and continue doing really good jobs like you have so far. I hope this helps, but it'll probably be too large for anyone to read. :uhm:


I have become Comfortably Numb

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7th June 2004

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#2 14 years ago

ive read the book, so i didnt bother to read the thread, but nice work.


GF Pwns Me!

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22nd July 2004

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#3 14 years ago

i read the book too, but i still find it relieving too see that there are people who want to make a map that is 100% historically accurate. i really hope you find a mapper thats willing to take on this monumental (albeit important) task, and make a custom map that actually could have happened.