Never Forget September 11th 1973 5 replies

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Meadow

You might very well think that

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21st February 2004

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#1 12 years ago

Chilean coup of 1973 General Pinochet came to power in a military coup d'état on 11 September 1973, in which rebels bombed the Presidential Palace with British-made Hawker Hunter fighter jets. Allende and some of his aides were besieged in the palace. Allende refused to surrender, and addressed the nation for a last time in a potent farewell speech. During this coup, Allende died. The junta officially declared that he committed suicide with a machine gun (generally presumed to be the machine gun given to him by Fidel Castro), and an autopsy labelled his death as suicide. This explanation has been widely accepted, even by members of his own party and family, after decades of silence and pointing to the Military. This (now) general acceptance is based on statements given by two doctors from the La Moneda Palace infirmary: Patricio Guijón, who made a statement at the time, and José Quiroga who confirmed it many years later. (Some sources misattribute these statements to "Allende's personal doctor"; that would be Enrique Paris Roa, who does not appear to have made such a statement.) However some still insist he was murdered by Pinochet's military forces while defending the palace.

Initially there were four leaders of the junta: in addition to Pinochet from the Army, there were Gustavo Leigh Guzmán of the Air Force, José Toribio Merino Castro of the Navy, and César Mendoza Durán of the National Police (Carabineros de Chile). Coup leaders soon decided against a rotating presidency and named Pinochet permanent head of the junta.

Pinochet moved to solidify his control against any opposition. On 13 September, the junta dissolved the Congress. The National Stadium was used as a concentration camp holding 40,000 prisoners. Approximately 130,000 individuals were arrested in a three-year period, with the number of dead and "disappeared" reaching into the thousands within the first few months. Most of the people targeted had been supporters of Allende; the September 13 decree also outlawed the parties that had been part of Popular Unity, and all political activity was declared "in recess". In the book in which he recounts the coup (El Día decisivo), Pinochet affirms that he was the leading plotter of the coup and used his position as Commander of the Army to coordinate a far-reaching scheme that was coordinated with the other branches of the military. In recent years, however, high military officials from the time have said that Pinochet only reluctantly got involved in the coup a few days before it was scheduled to occur.

Once the Junta was in power, Pinochet soon consolidated his control, first retaining sole chairmanship of the Junta (originally agreed to be rotated among all members), and he was proclaimed the President of the Republic. In October 1973, at least 70 people were killed by the Caravan of Death (Caravana de la Muerte).

General Pinochet went on to become one of the most notorious criminals of the late 20th century, massacring thousands of his own people. Let us never forget the events which took place today, regardless of where, when and how.




GOD111

I Am Teh God

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1st July 2004

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#2 12 years ago

Indeed that is a date to remember. The date will always be connected to the criminal Junta and their take over of Chille and turning it to a criminal state, with their people as the real victims.




Jill

Idiot Action-Adventure Girl

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7th July 2006

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#3 12 years ago

There is another forum that talks about this incident but they blame the USA, Nixon and the CIA. I was surprised but here is part of one of the links. http://www.fas.org/irp/world/chile/allende.htm




Meadow

You might very well think that

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21st February 2004

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#4 12 years ago

It is pretty much accepted these days that the CIA backed the coup, I didn't want to bring it up yesterday though as this was a memorial.




bHaNgie

whoo daare!!?

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30th August 2006

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#5 12 years ago

9/11 whas a sad day and we'll remember the victims and thier famlilies, and also the thousands who die on a daily basis around the world in sensless killings and wars.




Blank Stare

AE

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24th July 2004

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#6 12 years ago

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