Obviously crimes within the Federation are fairly rare compared to the world we know today, but murders and other serious crimes are still inevitably committed from time to time. Has there ever been an episode dealing with how criminals are punished within the Federation? For one thing, I understand that they don't have the death penalty anymore.
There seems to be some indication that how such crimes are dealt with is, at least in part, dependent on the laws governing that general location such as the laws of the planet that the crime took place on. This would be similar to how in the United States, unless the crime is a federal offense, punishment is dealt out according to the laws of the state where the crime occurred in. One example might be the TOS episode, "Wolf in the Fold" where Scotty was accused of murder. However, it isn't clear to me as to whether or not Argelius II is a member of the Federation, though it is a major port of call for Starfleet. Crimes committed aboard ship are likely to fall under Federation jurisdiction in much the same way that crimes committed on US flagged planes and ships would fall under Federal jurisdiction through the FBI, Coast Guard, NTSB (depending on the nature of the crime), US Air Marshals, and so on.
Scotty was accused of murder? That doesn't sound like him at all. If he killed someone, there must have been a good reason for it.
Well it wasn't really Scotty that did it. It was some ancient energy alien type...being...thing...
We saw a JAG officer in that episode with Phillis and the Guy who wanted take DATA away to be experimented on..
In one episode of TOS episode "Whom Gods Destroy" with former Admiral Garth in hte facility for the criminally insane.
There was the DS9 episode where Sisko went to see ex-Commander Eddington to get his help to dismantle a suspected Marquis doomsday weapon. Eddington was in a Federation Prison complete with armed guards.
Then there was the first episode of Voyager where Tom Parris was in the Prison Work Camp IIRC in New Guineau.
Thats all I can recall offhand. Basically the Federation abolished the death sentence for all crimes except visiting the forbidden planet whose name escapes me, used alot of scenes from "The Menagerie"
The energy being that Akula is referring to had travelled through time taking over nuerous bodies and using them to commit mass murders. Redjac was one of them. Jack hte Ripper was another. The creature seemed to thrive on the emotional energy of fear.
I think the all time best was when Q put the human race on trial for charges of barbarism and being an inferior race. The best line was when Q said "If the next word out of his mouth is anything but guilty, shoot", and then he asked Picard how he would like to plead. Picards response: "Guilty...provisionally". That was priceless, and a good example why he was the "Flagship Captain" for the fleet.
A new sense of nuisance.
8th December 2003
From Memory Alpha:
"The totalitarian Cardassian Union embraced the death penalty as a means to foster popular belief in an efficient and secure government. Show trials where the verdicts were foregone conclusions were broadcast frequently. Starfleet Chief Miles O'Brien narrowly avoided a death sentence on Cardassia in 2370. (DS9: "Tribunal")
The Klingon Empire's ancient justice system was suborned by the rising power of the Klingon warrior class in the 22nd century. The criminal Grathon Tolar was on a Klingon death row prior to Benjamin Sisko arranging for Gowron to pardon him so that the criminal could work for Sisko. Death sentences were meted out liberally, including the virtual death penalty of a "life sentence" to slave labor in the dilithium mines of Rura Penthe. The Klingons also considered trial by combat to the death as a legitimate method of solving legal disputes. (ENT: "Judgment"; Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country; DS9: "In the Pale Moonlight", "The House of Quark")
The Romulan Star Empire showed little evidence of a court system, but the legal authority to warrant and execute death sentences appeared to have been widely distributed. In 2268, Commander Spock of the Enterprise was held for espionage by a Romulan Commander, who described his death sentence as "painful and unpleasant", and which would be carried out immediately after the charge was recorded. Spock asked for, and was granted, the Right of Statement before execution, a tradition he used as a filibuster until he could be retrieved. (TOS: "The Enterprise Incident")
In 2371, a Tal Shiar operative destroyed a Flaxian starship in Federation space, declaring the incident a perfectly legal execution of an assassin "wanted for crimes against the Romulan Empire." (DS9: "Improbable Cause")
The Bajoran Provisional Government may have been willing to use the death penalty against Cardassian war criminals. This was certainly part of Aamin Marritza's thinking when he attempted to impersonate Gul Darhe'el. Odo confirmed that the Bajorans would use the death penalty during a subspace conversation with Gul Dukat. (DS9: "Duet")
As of 2267, the penalty for fraud on Deneb V was death. Guilty parties had the choice of death by electrocution, gas, phaser, or hanging among their options. (TOS: "I, Mudd")
The Ferengi Alliance also practiced the death penalty, especially against labor activists. The preferred method of execution was bringing the condemned to the spire of the Tower of Commerce of Ferenginar and pushing them off. These were public executions, and children would bet on where the bodies would land. (DS9: "Bar Association")
Besides the examples of galactic states enumerated here, there is at least one example of a non-aligned world practicing the death penalty – the world Rubicun III on the further edges of Federation space. On this world, the mediators enforced the law by randomly selecting a zone for exclusion from use or trespass by any citizen. If a citizen disobeyed the law, he or she was given an injection of poison. By not knowing in advance the location of a forbidden zone, the citizens of this world were deterred from criminal behavior. (TNG: "Justice")
During the Talaxian-Haakonian War, anyone discovered deserting from the Talaxian Defense Forces was given the death penalty. (VOY: "Jetrel")"
Feel me. Do I feel pretty?
15th September 2004
What about that paradise planet in TNG where every single crime was punishable by the death penalty.
Wesley crusher went in a no-zone with some flowers in it. (equivalent to a "don't step on the grass area") and was given the death penalty for it. XD