Basically, the Endor Holocaust theory is a fan theory that says that when the Death Star II exploded in Return of the Jedi, the debris fell to Endor, devastating the Planet and possibly leading to the Extinction of the Ewoks. Endor Holocaust - Wookieepedia, the Star Wars Wiki
Personally, I don't like the idea.
Considering the proximity of the deathstar to the moon when it exploded, any large chunks of debris would have found their way into Endors atmosphere within the timeframe when the rebels were celebrating on the surface. Obviously they got off the moon in one piece, and thus I consider this theory bullocks.
I think some might have made it there. But as Tas said, they were celebrating when the debris would be coming down. Most of it either went off into space or entered the moon's orbit/Endor's (the gas giant, not the moon) orbit. Eventually pieces would fall down because of decaying orbits, but it would be a slow process, of course...
Even if the debris made it to the moon surface, it would have burnt up a fair bit and broken into smaller pieces on the descent. All of the survivors of the forest battle were looking up at the death star when it exploded, they surely would have seen any debris shortly thereafter and had the common sense to move out of the way. And in addition to that, the death star debris would have only fell on the side of the planet it was over at the time - which if there was a holocaust, it would have occurred in the colonies on that side of the planet only. Also, in the book 'Truce to Bakura' - which is a direct follow up to Return of the Jedi, mentions nothing of any such destruction or debris falling to the planets surface. From this, one could gather if there was debris (which is inevitable) it would have done no serious damage.
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Lol Star Wars conspiracy theories. I didn't even know this existed.
I believe it to be incorrect, though, because everyone was celebrating on the planet after the Death Star exploded. The force of the explosion would have pushed any major debris into the planet and killed everyone pretty quick. Since that didn't happen, then there was no extinction. All of the Death Star pieces were too small to cause any global catastrophe.
Also, I believe holocaust is the wrong word to describe this event.
I didn't make it!
What the Force... ?! No way. It would have been raining debris on the Rebel's party then-unless they were the fireworks. :lol: Still, highly doubtful. Besides, Driods & Ewoks was set after RotJ, correct? No dead Ewoks there, nor a scorched Endor.